Monkey Forest Tales: Challenges of this project

In this post I want to share some of the challenges that I had faced over the past years to maintain this project. Some of the challenges to conduct a long-term project from my point of view are: 1) Build trust with the landowners; 2) Continuous presence in the area, and 2) funding. Here I will share with you what I had done to face these three challenges.

Unamas Enero 2011 074

1) Build trust with landowners

As I mentioned in my last post this project was supposed to be a six-month project in only one farm. Get access to only one farm and build a relationship with only one farmer can be easier than do it with many farmers.

So, ¿What help me to build trust with many landowners? My short answer is being there, constantly. Take the time to know them and listen them. Answer their questions and give them your honest opinion when they ask about the monkeys and if any of the activities, they were doing in their farms were or could affect the monkeys.

This is not always received well, but because I had been honest with them and had given them the option to discuss other alternatives, we were able to build trust and friendship between us.

Being a woman, in this case had giving me some advantage in this matter. Although this is an area dominated by man, being a woman give me the advantage of project an image of someone who can be trust, just for being woman. As well as someone who doesn’t look an economically advantaged. May be because of the cultural image that woman has in the area…

Despite my shy personality I had created good friends, not only with some of the landowners, but also with some of the workers in those farms. I’m grateful for the opportunity they had giving me to study monkeys in their properties and their support to this project and the conservation of the monkeys in this area.

These friendships not only had help me to continue with this project, but also had generated some behavioral change in some of the landowners and the workers with whom I had been in contact over the years. In another post I will talk a bit more about this.

2) Continuous presence in the area

Be present in an area can be a challenge as an individual, this can compete with other personal goals such studying, having a proper job or having a family. When I chose to study biology, I knew I won’t be rich, and money had never been a big problem for me. Never had much dreams of big job, houses or cars, so this wasn’t an issue for me.

I never pay much attention to have a family, monkeys become my family some years before. Although I always being open to have a family, especially if that means to continue doing what I love the most, being in the forest studying monkeys. I’m not concern or in a hurry to have one. So, this personal goal doesn’t compete with my passion to be in the forest and with the monkeys.

Studying and making a doctorate was one of my big goals since I was 20, so this was my personal goal that competed with my passion to continue with this project.

So, ¿How can I continue studying and still maintain a long-term project?

At the same time, I started this project, I also started my master and start supervising undergrad students. I did my master fieldwork at this area and that gave the opportunity to build not only more trust, but also to be continuously in the area for over a year. And supervising undergrad students prolong my presence in the area when I was studying in the city.

Additionally, I also made my doctorate fieldwork in the area, I was lucky enough to had a supervisor who support my crazy idea to do my fieldwork in Colombia while studying in Australia and this also give me a couple of extra years of presence in this area.

3) Funding

Probably one of the most difficult part of conducting an independent research, an even more a long-term research, is to fund it. Although I had some small grants over the years, most of my field trips has been cover with my own money and some help from the landowners, who didn’t charge me for accommodation or even food.

I guess I could be more active looking for money, but I still need to practice patience and communication skills. As well as managing rejection that not always is easy to accept. At least that is how it is for me.

I know this is not a conventional way to fund research and for some of the people who knows me, it doesn’t make sense my way of funding my research. But sometimes I found this is a more effective way than just wait until funds flow in to go to the field, even if that means to use my own money.

By this I not saying if you want to make a long-term project you will need to work to fund yourself. It’s just the way I have done it until know. Just don’t be afraid as I did, apply to a lot of funding grants and involve the local people in the process.

© Copyright Disclaimer. All picture used in this web page are protected with copyrights to Xyomara Carretero-Pinzón. If you want to use any of these pictures, please leave a message in the website. Thank you.


Monkey Forest Tales: How the Zocay Project started and growth


In March 2004, I start a small project in which I would describe and count the monkey’s species present in a cattle ranch farm. I friend and colleague had introduced me to the landowner who was curious to know what monkeys where present in his farm. The idea was to estimate primate’s densities for a period of six months.

What I didn’t know at that moment was that this small project will become my long-term research project. A project that has lasted 15 years and have given me a lot of life lessons, hundreds of research questions, some good friends and a continuous strength to live the life that I dreamed despite many challenges and economic constraints.

After the first six month finished, farmers in the neighborhood started to ask if I can tell them which monkeys’ they have in their farms, and I started to visit other farms in the area and its forest.

In 2008, I had the fortune to make a small talk in town with farmers in the area to show them what my research has found and thanks to that the owner of a private reserve in the area allows me to start monitoring the monkeys’ population of what seems to be the largest forest fragment in the area (around 1100 ha).

Therefore, what it looks to be a six-month project to study monkeys’ densities evolved to a long-term project in which densities (how many animals are in a forest area) and group composition (how many of them are females, males (adults and babies)) is continuously monitored in at least seven forest fragments for the last 15 years.

In another post I will explore some of the challenges to maintain this long-term project, such as funding and the trust that need to be built with the landowners and local workers to be able to continue working as a woman in an area dominated by man.

© Copyright Disclaimer. All picture used in this web page are protected with copyrights to Xyomara Carretero-Pinzón. If you want to use any of these pictures, please leave a message in the website. Thank you.

Forest Monkey Tales

This section will contain short stories, mainly my own observations with some known information of the monkeys in the story. A new story will be published once every week.

Also, I will share some of the challenges that I had faced as a woman researcher in a male dominated area.

Other stories are about some of the questions I’m still trying to answer. Some other stories are lessons I learned from being an independent researcher for many years and the challenges to keep my project going while I travel and study abroad.

Most are my personal points of view of what have work for me and can work for others, although there are many ways in which you can do research without making the same decisions and mistakes that I had done.

Some stories will try to answer biological questions, but others are about my personal life and the way I see life and how I value mine. So please don’t take anything too personal as it is just one way of see and experience life and research.

Some will ask why I decide to tell these stories now. I don’t have an answer, I guess this idea has been in my mind for a while and I feel that may be sharing some of my observations and experiences in the field I can empower other women to do research and follow their passion even when situations don’t seem the right or easy ones.

© Copyright Disclaimer. All picture used in this web page are protected with copyrights to Xyomara Carretero-Pinzón. If you want to use any of these pictures, please leave a message in the website. Thank you.

SM Marzo 2012 041